Things to do in Beijing
There are four historical and heritage tours for the travelers, which is the things to do in Beijing. Please continue to read the details, which will present you four newly updated videos and descriptions why it is worth your time to visit it. The background information is helpful to the first visitors. You will read more details of four historical scenery spots, the forbidden city, the Great Wall, the summer palace and the temple of heaven.
Things to do in Beijing, four Historical & Heritage Tours
The imperial palace is the royal palace for the Ming and Qing dynasties in Chinese history. It is also called the Forbidden city, where 24 emperors once lived.The palace complex covers an area of 720000 square meters and consists of 9999 and a half rooms. It is the largest ancient building complex that remains intact in China.This is the front gate of the imperial palace called the meridian gate, upon entering which one can immediately see five delicate white marble arch bridges. The palace is divided into the inner and outer courts, which are totally different in their architectural styles.
The outer court is centered on the hall of supreme harmony, the hall of central harmony and the hall of preserving harmony. It is the place where the emperors exerted their power and held grand ceremonies. The inner court is centered on the hall of heavenly purity, the hall of union and the hall of earthly tranquility. It is the place where the emperors and their concubines lived.
This is the watchtower of the imperial palace. There are well-constructed watchtowers at the four corners of the palace.
The palace museum has a collection of as many as over a million pieces of ancient Chinese art treasures, which make it a museum with the richest collection of cultural relics in China.
In 1988, the imperial palace entered into the world heritage list.
Things to do in Beijing. This is the magnificent Great Wall. It is the longest building in the world. It begins from Shanhai Guan and ends at Jiayu Guan, covering more than 6000 km (12000 li). In China the Wall is called “Wanli Changcheng”, which means 10000-li-long wall (10000 li = about 5000 km).
The Great Wall was build to prevent the northern nomadic tribes from getting into the Central Plains. The completion of the Great Wall took a long time. Its first section was built in the 7th century BC. After more than 2000 years of rebuilding and connecting of different sections thus came the present Great Wall. The best preserved sections of the Great Wall is at Badaling, which is also the best place to appreciate the greatness of the Wall. The Wall is made of 3 parts, the passes, the wall and the watch towers. The passes were places where troops were stationed. The sites of the passes were usually of strategic importance. There is the Chinese saying:” if one man guards the pass, 10000 are unable to get through”. Which shows the importance of the pass.
The wall is the main part. During the ancient war time, there were soldiers on the wall. On its side, there were peep-holes and apertures for archers on the top. There is a watch tower every several kilometers used to pass military information.
As a historic site, the Great Wall symbolizes for Chinese people courage, strength and strong will. So, there is a Chinese saying, “He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man”.
In 1987, the Great Wall was listed on the World Heritage List.
Things to do in Beijing, The summer palace tour
The summer palace is a royal garden and a temporary imperial palace in the Qing dynasty. It was built in 1750 with a total area of over 1000 hectares, three quarters of which is water. This is the longevity hill. The architectural complex in the front hill is the essence of the whole garden. The tower of buddhist incense (Foxiangge) on the hill is the symbol of the summer palace.
Beyond Foxiangge is the tallest building in the palace “the Hall of the Sea of Wisdom”, colloquially called “the Hall Without Girders”, for it has no girders and pillars.
At the foot of the longevity hill is a lake, Kunming lake, on which there are several islets. This is the seventeen-arch bridge, through which the islets are accessible to visitors. The east side of the summer palace is the east gate zone, where the emperors of the Qing dynasty used to handle administrative affairs as well as to live and to rest.
This place is called the hall of virtue and harmony, inside which there is a big stage. It is where dowager Cixi watched operas. The long corridor in the summer palace is over 700 meters long, the longest corridor in the world. There are more than 14000 different pictures painted on the corridor.
The summer palace is the largest and best preserved classical garden in China.
In 1998, it was listed on the World Heritage list.
Things to do in Beijing
The temple of heaven is located in the south of Beijing. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, it was used by emperors to offer sacrifices to heaven and earth.
The temple of heaven measures 1700 meters and east-west and 1600 meters north-south. Its total surface area is four times that of the Forbidden city. In contrast to the Forbidden city, the temple of heaven contains a few buildings but a large number of trees. In ancient times, the trees’ deep green color represented reverence and prayer.
The temple of heaven’s hall of prayer for Good Harvests (Qinian Dian) is 33 meters high; the ceiling is covered entirely with blue glazed titles, which symbolize heaven. The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests is made completely of wood without a single piece of stone. With 28 pillars supporting the entire weight of the ceiling, the hall can be considered grand and majestic. The Echo wall is a smooth circular wall. The voice of someone standing at one end of the wall can be heard clearly by someone standing at the other end. The Circular Mound Altar was a place for emperors to worship heaven. At the middle of the altar is a circular marble platform known as the “Heavenly Heart Stone”. If you stand on this platform and call out softly, you will immediately hear an echo from all sides. This is the Circular Mound Altar is surrounded by stone balustrades, which reflect the sounds back.
In 1998, the temple of heaven was inscribed to the UNESCO World heritage list.